What is Restorative Justice?
Restorative justice is a theory of justice that understands justice as fundamentally concerned with addressing the harm to relationships related to and resulting from wrongdoing. Restorative justice offers an approach to accountability for harm, based on the restoration of equality in social relations and reparation to those who have suffered that harm. Restorative justice is rooted in values of equality, mutual respect, and concern. Restorative justice uses deliberative processes involving victims, offenders, their respective supporters, and representatives of the broader community under the guidance of authorised and skilled facilitators. There are many contexts within which restorative justice processes may be utilised. These may include youth or adult criminal justice matters, school bullying, disorder in institutional residential homes, conflicts in the workplace, or solutions to the kind of widespread social conflict and violence which has led to truth and reconciliation commissions.